Margaret Thatcher Years As Pm Inhaltsverzeichnis

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (* Oktober als Margaret Hilda Roberts in Arrow, London , S. f.; Margaret Thatcher, The Downing Street Years. HarperCollins, London , S. Peter Hennessy: The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders since Penguin, London , S. ff. Sir John Major, KG, CH (* März in London) ist ein britischer Politiker und Angehöriger der Konservativen Partei. Vom November bis 2. Mai war er als Nachfolger von Margaret Thatcher Premierminister des MarrShow: Ex PM John Major on Europe, UKIP (16Nov14). In: YouTube. November ​. Margaret Thatcher: The Autobiography | Thatcher, Margaret | ISBN: the crises and triumphs, during her eleven years as prime minister, including the Falklands​. In Margaret Thatcher became the first woman British Prime Minister. A decade later she became the first premier for years to win three consecutive​. Conservative Government under Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Charles Powell served for many years in the British diplomatic service as advisor on.

Margaret Thatcher Years As Pm

Sir John Major, KG, CH (* März in London) ist ein britischer Politiker und Angehöriger der Konservativen Partei. Vom November bis 2. Mai war er als Nachfolger von Margaret Thatcher Premierminister des MarrShow: Ex PM John Major on Europe, UKIP (16Nov14). In: YouTube. November ​. Margret Thatcher Downing Street Years HC a world leader and the events and personalities that shaped her years as Britain's prime minister. In Margaret Thatcher became the first woman British Prime Minister. A decade later she became the first premier for years to win three consecutive​.

Margaret Thatcher Years As Pm Video

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Thatchers autoritärer und abschätziger Umgang mit ihren Kabinettskollegen zeigte sich auch in der Westland-Affäre. Commons Wikiquote. British Film Institute, abgerufen am Sie war die erste Frau in diesem Amt und übte es ohne Unterbrechung länger als jeder andere britische Premierminister des Der Weg für weitere Reformen wie die Abschaffung des Closed Shop gesetzlich vorgeschriebene Pflichtmitgliedschaft in Gewerkschaften für Arbeiter zahlreicher Unternehmen und das Verbot der sogenannten flying pickets Streikposten , die nicht dem bestreikten Betrieb angehören war frei. Das konservative Wahlmanifest wurde mit der Überschrift Time for a change dt.

The family lived in a 3-story brick building, with the grocery on the first floor. The girls worked in the store, and the parents took separate vacations so that the store could always be open.

Alfred Roberts was also a local leader: a lay Methodist preacher, a member of the Rotary Club, an alderman, and the town's mayor.

Margaret's parents had been liberals who, between the two world wars, voted conservative. Grantham, an industrial city, experienced heavy bombing during World War II.

Margaret attended Grantham Girls' School, where she focused on science and math. By age 13, she already had expressed her goal of becoming a member of Parliament.

From to , Margaret attended Somerville College, Oxford, where she received her degree in chemistry. She taught during summers to supplement her partial scholarship.

She was also active in conservative political circles at Oxford; from to , she was the president of the University Conservative Association. Winston Churchill was her hero.

After college, she went to work as a research chemist, working for two different companies in the developing plastics industry. She stayed involved in politics, going to the Conservative Party Conference in representing Oxford graduates.

In and , she unsuccessfully stood for election to represent Dartford in North Kent, running as a Tory for a safe Labour seat.

As a very young woman running for office, she received media attention for these campaigns. During this time, she met Denis Thatcher, a director of his family's paint company.

Denis came from more wealth and power than Margaret had; he had also been briefly married during World War II before divorcing.

Margaret and Denis were married on December 13, Margaret studied law from to , specializing in tax law.

She later wrote that she was inspired by a article, "Wake Up, Women," to pursue a full life with both family and a career.

In , she took the Bar Finals, and gave birth to twins, Mark and Carol, six weeks prematurely, in August. From to , Margaret Thatcher was in private law practice as a barrister, specializing in tax and patent law.

From to , she tried, unsuccessfully, several times to be selected as a Tory candidate for MP. With Finchley's large Jewish population, Margaret Thatcher developed a long-term association with conservative Jews and support for Israel.

She was one of 25 women in the House of Commons, but she received more attention than most because she was the youngest.

Her childhood dream of becoming an MP was achieved. Margaret put her children in boarding school. From to , having left her private law practice, Margaret took the minor office in Harold Macmillan's government of Joint Parliamentary Secretary for the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance.

In , her husband Denis became the director of an oil company which had taken over his family's business. In , opposition leader Edward Heath made Margaret Thatcher the opposition's spokesperson on energy policy.

In , the Heath government was elected, and thus the Conservatives were in power. Margaret served from to as the Secretary of State for Education and Science, earning by her policies the description in one newspaper of "the most unpopular woman in Britain.

Also in , Thatcher became the privy councilor and co-chair of the Women's National Commission.

Though unwilling to call herself a feminist or associate with the growing feminist movement, or credit feminism with her success, she supported women's economic role.

In , Britain joined the European Economic Community , an issue about which Margaret Thatcher would have much to say during her political career.

In , Thatcher also became the Tory spokesperson on the environment and took a staff position with the Centre for Policy Studies, promoting monetarism, Milton Friedman's economic approach, as contrasted with the Keynesian economic philosophy.

In , the Conservatives were defeated, with the Heath government in increasing conflict with Britain's strong unions. In the wake of Heath's defeat, Margaret Thatcher challenged him for leadership of the party.

She won votes on the first ballot to Heath's , and Heath then withdrew, with Thatcher winning the position on the second ballot. Denis Thatcher retired in , supporting his wife's political career.

Her daughter Carol studied law, became a journalist in Australia in ; her son Mark studied accounting but failed to qualify in the exams; he became something of a playboy and took up automobile racing.

In , a speech by Margaret Thatcher warning of the aim of the Soviet Union for world domination earned Margaret the sobriquet "the Iron Lady," given to her by the Soviets.

Her radically conservative economic ideas earned the name for the first time, that same year, of "Thatcherism. She was known, more and more, for her direct and confrontational style of politics.

The winter of to was known in Britain as "the Winter of Their Discontent. In early , the conservatives won a narrow victory.

Margaret Thatcher became prime minister of the United Kingdom on May 4, She was not only the UK's first woman prime minister, but she was also the first woman prime minister in Europe.

She brought in her radical right-wing economic policies, "Thatcherism," plus her confrontational style and personal frugality. During her time in office, she continued to prepare breakfast and dinner for her husband, and even to do grocery shopping.

She refused part of her salary. Her political platform was that of limiting government and public spending, letting market forces control the economy.

She was a monetarist, a follower of Milton Friedman's economic theories, and saw her role as eliminating socialism from Britain.

She also supported reduced taxes and public spending, and the deregulation of industry. She planned to privatize Britain's many government-owned industries and to end government subsidies to others.

She wanted legislation to seriously restrict union power and abolish tariffs except to non-European countries. She took office in the middle of a worldwide economic recession; the result of her policies in that context was serious economic disruption.

Bankruptcies and mortgage foreclosures increased, unemployment increased and industrial production fell considerably. Terrorism around Northern Ireland's status continued.

A steelworkers' strike disrupted the economy further. North Sea windfall receipts for off-shore oil helped lessen the economic effects.

In Britain had its highest unemployment since 3. One effect was the rise in social welfare payments, making it impossible for Thatcher to cut taxes as much as she'd planned.

There were riots in some cities. In the Brixton riots, police misconduct was exposed, further polarizing the nation.

In , those industries still nationalized were forced to borrow and thus had to raise prices. Margaret Thatcher's popularity was very low.

Even within her own party, her popularity waned. In she began replacing more traditional conservatives with members of her own more radical circle.

She began to develop a close relationship with the new USA president, Ronald Reagan, whose administration supported many of the same economic policies hers did.

And then, in , Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands , perhaps encouraged by the effects of military cutbacks under Thatcher. Margaret Thatcher sent 8, military personnel to fight a much larger number of Argentinians; her win of the Falkland's War restored her to popularity.

The press also covered the disappearance of Thatcher's son, Mark, in the Sahara Desert during an automobile rally. He and his crew were found four days later, considerably off course.

In the margin had been 44 seats. Thatcher continued her policies, and unemployment continued at over 3 million. Thatcher was the subject or the inspiration for s protest songs.

Thatcher was parodied by Wells in several media. He collaborated with Richard Ingrams on the spoof " Dear Bill " letters, which ran as a column in Private Eye magazine; they were also published in book form and became a West End stage revue titled Anyone for Denis?

Since her resignation, Thatcher has been portrayed in a number of television programmes, documentaries, films and plays. She is the protagonist in two films, played by Lindsay Duncan in Margaret and by Meryl Streep in The Iron Lady , [] in which she is depicted as suffering from dementia or Alzheimer's disease.

Thatcher became a privy councillor PC on becoming a secretary of state in Her husband Denis was made a hereditary baronet at the same time.

In the Falklands, Margaret Thatcher Day has been marked each 10 January since , [] commemorating her first visit to the Islands in January , six months after the end of the Falklands War in June Thatcher became a member of the Lords in with a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Iron Lady disambiguation and Margaret Thatcher disambiguation.

British prime minister from to The Right Honourable. Thatcher c. Harold Wilson James Callaghan. Serving with Richard Sharples and Lynch Maydon.

Shadow Cabinet offices. Lord Temporal. Denis Thatcher. Mark Carol. Barrister chemist politician. This article is part of a series about. Secretary of State for Education and Science.

Grantham: Margaret Thatcher's birthplace. Commemorative plaque [4]. Margaret and her elder sister were raised in the bottom of two flats on North Parade.

This woman is headstrong, obstinate and dangerously self-opinionated. See also: Shadow Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher.

Main article: Premiership of Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher's 10 Downing Street , c. See also: budget. We had to fight the enemy without in the Falklands.

Thatcher with President George H. Bush in Aspen, Colorado , Main articles: Conservative Party leadership election and Conservative Party leadership election.

Extract from The Downing Street Years. Being Prime Minister is a lonely job. In a sense, it ought to be: you cannot lead from the crowd.

But with Denis there I was never alone. What a man. What a husband. What a friend. Thatcher in the US, Main article: Death and funeral of Margaret Thatcher.

Thatcher's coffin being carried up the steps of St Paul's Cathedral. Related movements. Margaret Thatcher was not merely the first woman and the longest-serving Prime Minister of modern times, but the most admired, most hated, most idolised and most vilified public figure of the second half of the twentieth century.

To some she was the saviour of her country who To others, she was a narrow ideologue whose hard-faced policies legitimised greed, deliberately increased inequality There is no reconciling these views: yet both are true.

Main article: Cultural depictions of Margaret Thatcher. Main article: Honours of Margaret Thatcher. Orders of chivalry.

The Garter Good Hope Merit St John Shown are the ribbons for each Order bestowed on Thatcher. Thatcher The Downing Street Years.

The Path to Power. Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World. Harper Perennial. Not the timbre so much as, well, the tone — the condescending explanatory whine which treats the squirming interlocutor as an eight-year-old child with personality deficiencies.

It has been fascinating, recently, to watch her striving to eliminate this. She was saying that she wouldn't dream of seeking the leadership. She sounded like a cat sliding down a blackboard.

But the chemistry between them worked. Reagan had been grateful for her interest in him at a time when the British establishment refused to take him seriously; she agreed with him about the importance of creating wealth, cutting taxes, and building up stronger defences against Soviet Russia; and both believed in liberty and free-market freedom, and in the need to outface what Reagan would later call 'the evil empire'.

Because they are here, they are subject to terrorist attack. It is inconceivable that they should be refused the right to use American aircraft and American pilots in the inherent right of self-defence, to defend their own people.

In this she was less radical than her critics or some of her admirers supposed. Her concern was to focus more on abuse of the system, on bureaucracy and union militancy, and on the growth of what later came to be called the dependency culture, rather than on the system itself.

By the s, both major parties Conservative and Labour had taken similar positions on immigration policy; [] the British Nationality Act was passed with cross-party support.

Retrieved 28 July The Critic Magazine. Retrieved 18 July Who's Who. Retrieved 15 December Belfast Telegraph. Associated Press. Thatcher: The Battle for Britain's Soul".

National Review. Retrieved 21 April The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 July Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School. Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 9 April Popular Science.

Retrieved 22 November London Review of Books. Retrieved 11 June The Guardian. Retrieved 31 December BBC News.

Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 29 April The Economist. In Aneurin Bevan called the Conservative Party 'lower than vermin' The Tories embraced the phrase; some formed the Vermin Club in response Margaret Thatcher was a member.

Parliamentary Debates Hansard. House of Lords. Retrieved 10 January Retrieved 6 January The London Gazette.

Margaret Thatcher Foundation. Retrieved 8 April BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 16 June House of Commons. The Independent. Retrieved 2 November The Sunday Telegraph.

Retrieved 28 October The Spectator published 25 January Retrieved 13 July The Times. Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 29 September The Observer.

Vanity Fair. Retrieved 25 February The Times Amid uproar from both sides of the house, Mrs Thatcher shouted: 'So you are afraid of an election are you?

Afraid, Afraid, Afraid. Frightened, frit — couldn't take it. Couldn't stand it. Retrieved 13 April The Scotsman. Retrieved 20 April On This Day — Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 17 October Krasnaya zvezda.

The Sunday Times. Archived from the original PDF on 29 October Retrieved 20 May While it has been applied to other women since from politicians to tennis players , the resonance with Margaret Thatcher remains the strongest.

Retrieved 21 March The Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine. Conservative Central Office. Retrieved 19 June — via the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.

Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 31 March Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 21 November Retrieved 7 April BBC Politics Retrieved 14 November Financial Times.

Retrieved 8 October The New York Times. Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 30 December Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 29 October The Wall Street Journal.

The Record. The Journal. Retrieved 5 July Retrieved 20 November Press Association. Retrieved 26 December Bitter coal strike wrenched British economy, society".

The Dallas Morning News. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Oxford University Press. Subscription or UK public library membership required.

Institute of Economic Affairs. Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 5 January Conflict Archive on the Internet.

Ulster University. Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 17 June New Statesman.

Retrieved 6 December Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 5 July — via the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.

Retrieved 16 January Federation of American Scientists. The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 22 September Retrieved 22 July Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 31 October Wilmington Morning Star.

United Press International. Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 31 August Retrieved 5 July — via HighBeam Research.

Politics and Parliament. Ipsos MORI. At the time of her resignation Retrieved 26 August Mystery surrounds the future of the Margaret Thatcher Foundation after it emerged that the British wing of the high-profile organisation set up by the former prime minister in was formally dissolved at Companies House two days before the general election.

Retrieved 14 April Los Angeles Times. Help Bosnia Now". Retrieved 2 December Retrieved 18 January University of Buckingham. Archived from the original on 19 August The Nation.

London, UK. Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 8 May Retrieved 9 November Retrieved 8 August US Department of State.

Archived from the original on 22 September Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. Archived from the original on 18 May Retrieved 31 May Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 21 August Retrieved 11 February Retrieved 7 July — via the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.

Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 3 May Retrieved 28 September Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 5 November Government Statistical Service.

Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 13 November Her 'freer, more promiscuous version of capitalism' in Hugo Young 's phrase is reaping a darker harvest.

Thatcher is a mixed bag". London School of Economics. Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 17 May The Herald.

STV Player. Retrieved 26 June Political Science Resources. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 19 March UK Parliament.

Retrieved 21 March Broadcast 12 June BBC History. Archived from the original on 4 December Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 7 February Retrieved 8 June USA Today.

British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 19 January Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 28 February Retrieved 16 December Parliament and Constitution Centre.

Archived from the original PDF on 27 December Retrieved 27 February — via House of Commons Library. Royal Society of Chemistry.

Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 5 March Retrieved 23 April Since he was now a baronet, might she care to be known as Lady Thatcher?

Rare Historical Photos. Retrieved 9 October Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation. Retrieved 19 July The Heritage Foundation.

Archived from the original on 30 June Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 20 July The Washington Times.

Retrieved 22 April Main article: Bibliography of Margaret Thatcher. Adeney, Martin; Lloyd, John Notes and Records.

Margaret Thatcher: Power and Personality. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Psychology Press. London, UK: Junction Books.

Maggie and Me. Cambridge University Press. Faber and Faber. New York City: Dodd Mead. Burns, William E. A Brief History of Great Britain.

The British General Election of Palgrave Macmillan. British Political Facts — Byrd, Peter, ed. British Foreign Policy under Thatcher. Martin's Press.

Margaret Thatcher: The Grocer's Daughter. Margaret Thatcher: The Iron Lady. Random House. Freeman, David ed. Penguin Books. Cannadine, David Childs, David Britain since A Political History.

University of Michigan Press published Cork University Press published Contemporary British History. Re-examining the Conservative Leadership Contest".

British Journal of Political Science. The Public Perspective : 15— Archived from the original PDF on 5 January The Margaret Thatcher Book of Quotations.

Simon and Schuster. Oxford University Press published Thatcher and Thatcherism. Routledge published Wallflower Press.

Feminism and Politics: A Comparative Perspective. University of California Press. Britain and Germany in the Twentieth Century.

Citizenship and Immigration in Post-war Britain. The Battle for the Falklands. Macmillan published Conflict of Loyalty.

Visions Before Midnight. The Grand Experiment: Mrs. Thatcher's Economy and How It Spread. Westview Press.

Politics UK. Pearson Education. Professors World Peace Academy. Troubador published Health Affairs.

Cold War History.

Her new policy was not Bubbel Game to stop the development of new comprehensives; she said: "We shall To those waiting with bated breath for that favourite media catchphrase, the "U" turn, Casino Ingolstadt have only one thing to say. British Journal of Political Science. However, it had to deal with a nearby land-based Argentine Air Forceusing Kartenspiel Herz surface-to-air heat-seeking missiles, Harriersand V bombers, the last to crater the Port Stanley Free Bonus Casinos No Deposit Required. After collapsing at a House of Lords dinner, Thatcher, suffering low blood pressure[] was admitted to St Thomas' Hospital Quotes Auf Deutsch central London on 7 March for tests. Dort arbeitete er sich stetig nach oben und fungierte u. Du bist selbst für dich verantwortlich. Heseltine hatte eine Kooperation mit einem europäischen Konsortium unter Führung der italienischen Agusta vorangetrieben, während das darin von Thatcher und Teilen Casino Roulette Munchen Kabinetts unterstützte Management sich mit der amerikanischen Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation zusammentun wollte. Bei der Unterhauswahl vom In: Health Affairs. Little said: "She is aware her presence causes a huge fuss, not of her doing, but of the people who are looking after her. Ihre Kampagne wurde nach übereinstimmenden Meinungen schlecht geführt; Thatcher selbst lehnte Margaret Thatcher Years As Pm als amtierende Premierministerin auch ab, für sich zu werben, da sie der Ansicht war, dass ihre Bilanz als Regierungschefin für sich spräche. Dagegen wandte König Symbol sich in Einvernehmen mit ihren europäischen Partnern gegen die Wirtschaftssanktionen, mit denen Reagan die Sowjetunion Online Casino Review Australia ruinieren wollte. Dies galt insofern als sehr überraschend, weil Brixton traditionell eine Hochburg der Labour Party war. Die Stadt Danzig verlieh Thatcher die Ehrenbürgerwürde. Parteiführer der Konservativen Partei. November sprach sich Major engagiert für einen Verbleib des Vereinigten Königreichs in der Europäischen Union aus. Her presence elevates its status to that of state funeral in all but name. Sie war die erste Frau in diesem Amt und Spielen Com Zu Zweit es ohne Unterbrechung länger als jeder andere britische Premierminister des Volume Two: The Iron Lady. Juni in Washington an Onlinecasino Test Trauerfeier Play Bo. April befahl die argentinische Junta die Invasion und Besetzung der britisch bevölkerten Falklandinseln und Südgeorgiens. Später lobte Thatcher die enge Kooperation mit Chile, die sich auch während des Falklandkrieges ausgezahlt habe. April abgehaltene Trauerfeier stellte kein Staatsbegräbnis Star Burst streng protokollarischen Sinn dar, [] kostete den britischen Staat aber dennoch 3,2 Millionen Pfund. State funerals are normally limited to sovereigns, but may, by order Welche Figur the reigning monarch, be extended to exceptionally distinguished individuals. Die Konservativen gewannen damit 51 Indianer Casino hinzu und kamen auf von Sitzen. Januar als Thatchertag begangen. Margaret Thatcher Years As Pm

During this time, she met Denis Thatcher, a director of his family's paint company. Denis came from more wealth and power than Margaret had; he had also been briefly married during World War II before divorcing.

Margaret and Denis were married on December 13, Margaret studied law from to , specializing in tax law. She later wrote that she was inspired by a article, "Wake Up, Women," to pursue a full life with both family and a career.

In , she took the Bar Finals, and gave birth to twins, Mark and Carol, six weeks prematurely, in August.

From to , Margaret Thatcher was in private law practice as a barrister, specializing in tax and patent law. From to , she tried, unsuccessfully, several times to be selected as a Tory candidate for MP.

With Finchley's large Jewish population, Margaret Thatcher developed a long-term association with conservative Jews and support for Israel.

She was one of 25 women in the House of Commons, but she received more attention than most because she was the youngest.

Her childhood dream of becoming an MP was achieved. Margaret put her children in boarding school. From to , having left her private law practice, Margaret took the minor office in Harold Macmillan's government of Joint Parliamentary Secretary for the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance.

In , her husband Denis became the director of an oil company which had taken over his family's business. In , opposition leader Edward Heath made Margaret Thatcher the opposition's spokesperson on energy policy.

In , the Heath government was elected, and thus the Conservatives were in power. Margaret served from to as the Secretary of State for Education and Science, earning by her policies the description in one newspaper of "the most unpopular woman in Britain.

Also in , Thatcher became the privy councilor and co-chair of the Women's National Commission. Though unwilling to call herself a feminist or associate with the growing feminist movement, or credit feminism with her success, she supported women's economic role.

In , Britain joined the European Economic Community , an issue about which Margaret Thatcher would have much to say during her political career.

In , Thatcher also became the Tory spokesperson on the environment and took a staff position with the Centre for Policy Studies, promoting monetarism, Milton Friedman's economic approach, as contrasted with the Keynesian economic philosophy.

In , the Conservatives were defeated, with the Heath government in increasing conflict with Britain's strong unions. In the wake of Heath's defeat, Margaret Thatcher challenged him for leadership of the party.

She won votes on the first ballot to Heath's , and Heath then withdrew, with Thatcher winning the position on the second ballot.

Denis Thatcher retired in , supporting his wife's political career. Her daughter Carol studied law, became a journalist in Australia in ; her son Mark studied accounting but failed to qualify in the exams; he became something of a playboy and took up automobile racing.

In , a speech by Margaret Thatcher warning of the aim of the Soviet Union for world domination earned Margaret the sobriquet "the Iron Lady," given to her by the Soviets.

Her radically conservative economic ideas earned the name for the first time, that same year, of "Thatcherism. She was known, more and more, for her direct and confrontational style of politics.

The winter of to was known in Britain as "the Winter of Their Discontent. In early , the conservatives won a narrow victory. Margaret Thatcher became prime minister of the United Kingdom on May 4, She was not only the UK's first woman prime minister, but she was also the first woman prime minister in Europe.

She brought in her radical right-wing economic policies, "Thatcherism," plus her confrontational style and personal frugality.

During her time in office, she continued to prepare breakfast and dinner for her husband, and even to do grocery shopping. She refused part of her salary.

Her political platform was that of limiting government and public spending, letting market forces control the economy.

She was a monetarist, a follower of Milton Friedman's economic theories, and saw her role as eliminating socialism from Britain.

She also supported reduced taxes and public spending, and the deregulation of industry. She planned to privatize Britain's many government-owned industries and to end government subsidies to others.

She wanted legislation to seriously restrict union power and abolish tariffs except to non-European countries.

She took office in the middle of a worldwide economic recession; the result of her policies in that context was serious economic disruption.

Bankruptcies and mortgage foreclosures increased, unemployment increased and industrial production fell considerably. Terrorism around Northern Ireland's status continued.

A steelworkers' strike disrupted the economy further. North Sea windfall receipts for off-shore oil helped lessen the economic effects. In Britain had its highest unemployment since 3.

One effect was the rise in social welfare payments, making it impossible for Thatcher to cut taxes as much as she'd planned. There were riots in some cities.

In the Brixton riots, police misconduct was exposed, further polarizing the nation. In , those industries still nationalized were forced to borrow and thus had to raise prices.

Margaret Thatcher's popularity was very low. Even within her own party, her popularity waned. In she began replacing more traditional conservatives with members of her own more radical circle.

She began to develop a close relationship with the new USA president, Ronald Reagan, whose administration supported many of the same economic policies hers did.

And then, in , Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands , perhaps encouraged by the effects of military cutbacks under Thatcher.

Margaret Thatcher sent 8, military personnel to fight a much larger number of Argentinians; her win of the Falkland's War restored her to popularity.

The press also covered the disappearance of Thatcher's son, Mark, in the Sahara Desert during an automobile rally. He and his crew were found four days later, considerably off course.

In the margin had been 44 seats. Thatcher continued her policies, and unemployment continued at over 3 million. The crime rate and prison populations grew, and foreclosures continued.

Financial corruption, including by many banks, was exposed. Manufacturing continued to decline. Thatcher's government attempted to reduce the power of local councils, which had been the means of delivery of many social services.

As part of this effort, the Greater London Council was abolished. In , Thatcher first met with Soviet reform leader Gorbachev. He may have been drawn to meet with her because her close relationship with President Reagan made her an attractive ally.

Thatcher that same year survived an assassination attempt when the IRA bombed a hotel where a Conservative Party conference was held.

Her "stiff upper lip" in responding calmly and quickly added to her popularity and image. In and , Thatcher's confrontation with the coal miners union led to a year-long strike which the union eventually lost.

Thatcher used strikes in through as reasons to further restrict union power. In , the European Union was created.

Banking was affected by European Union rules, as German banks funded the East German economic rescue and revival.

Thatcher began to pull Britain back from European unity. Thatcher's defense minister Michael Heseltine resigned over her position.

The Times. Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 29 September The Observer. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 25 February The Times Amid uproar from both sides of the house, Mrs Thatcher shouted: 'So you are afraid of an election are you?

Afraid, Afraid, Afraid. Frightened, frit — couldn't take it. Couldn't stand it. Retrieved 13 April The Scotsman. Retrieved 20 April On This Day — Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 17 October Krasnaya zvezda.

The Sunday Times. Archived from the original PDF on 29 October Retrieved 20 May While it has been applied to other women since from politicians to tennis players , the resonance with Margaret Thatcher remains the strongest.

Retrieved 21 March The Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine. Conservative Central Office. Retrieved 19 June — via the Margaret Thatcher Foundation. Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 31 March Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 21 November Retrieved 7 April BBC Politics Retrieved 14 November Financial Times.

Retrieved 8 October The New York Times. Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 30 December Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 29 October The Wall Street Journal.

The Record. The Journal. Retrieved 5 July Retrieved 20 November Press Association. Retrieved 26 December Bitter coal strike wrenched British economy, society".

The Dallas Morning News. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Oxford University Press. Subscription or UK public library membership required.

Institute of Economic Affairs. Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 5 January Conflict Archive on the Internet. Ulster University.

Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 17 June New Statesman.

Retrieved 6 December Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 5 July — via the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.

Retrieved 16 January Federation of American Scientists. The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 22 September Retrieved 22 July Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 31 October Wilmington Morning Star.

United Press International. Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 31 August Retrieved 5 July — via HighBeam Research.

Politics and Parliament. Ipsos MORI. At the time of her resignation Retrieved 26 August Mystery surrounds the future of the Margaret Thatcher Foundation after it emerged that the British wing of the high-profile organisation set up by the former prime minister in was formally dissolved at Companies House two days before the general election.

Retrieved 14 April Los Angeles Times. Help Bosnia Now". Retrieved 2 December Retrieved 18 January University of Buckingham.

Archived from the original on 19 August The Nation. London, UK. Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 8 May Retrieved 9 November Retrieved 8 August US Department of State.

Archived from the original on 22 September Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. Archived from the original on 18 May Retrieved 31 May Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 21 August Retrieved 11 February Retrieved 7 July — via the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.

Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 3 May Retrieved 28 September Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 5 November Government Statistical Service.

Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 13 November Her 'freer, more promiscuous version of capitalism' in Hugo Young 's phrase is reaping a darker harvest. Thatcher is a mixed bag".

London School of Economics. Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 17 May The Herald. STV Player. Retrieved 26 June Political Science Resources.

Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 19 March UK Parliament. Retrieved 21 March Broadcast 12 June BBC History.

Archived from the original on 4 December Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 7 February Retrieved 8 June USA Today.

British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 19 January Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 28 February Retrieved 16 December Parliament and Constitution Centre.

Archived from the original PDF on 27 December Retrieved 27 February — via House of Commons Library. Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 5 March Retrieved 23 April Since he was now a baronet, might she care to be known as Lady Thatcher?

Rare Historical Photos. Retrieved 9 October Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation. Retrieved 19 July The Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 June Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 20 July The Washington Times.

Retrieved 22 April Main article: Bibliography of Margaret Thatcher. Adeney, Martin; Lloyd, John Notes and Records.

Margaret Thatcher: Power and Personality. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Psychology Press. London, UK: Junction Books.

Maggie and Me. Cambridge University Press. Faber and Faber. New York City: Dodd Mead. Burns, William E. A Brief History of Great Britain.

The British General Election of Palgrave Macmillan. British Political Facts — Byrd, Peter, ed. British Foreign Policy under Thatcher. Martin's Press.

Margaret Thatcher: The Grocer's Daughter. Margaret Thatcher: The Iron Lady. Random House. Freeman, David ed. Penguin Books. Cannadine, David Childs, David Britain since A Political History.

University of Michigan Press published Cork University Press published Contemporary British History. Re-examining the Conservative Leadership Contest".

British Journal of Political Science. The Public Perspective : 15— Archived from the original PDF on 5 January The Margaret Thatcher Book of Quotations.

Simon and Schuster. Oxford University Press published Thatcher and Thatcherism. Routledge published Wallflower Press.

Feminism and Politics: A Comparative Perspective. University of California Press. Britain and Germany in the Twentieth Century. Citizenship and Immigration in Post-war Britain.

The Battle for the Falklands. Macmillan published Conflict of Loyalty. Visions Before Midnight. The Grand Experiment: Mrs. Thatcher's Economy and How It Spread.

Westview Press. Politics UK. Pearson Education. Professors World Peace Academy. Troubador published Health Affairs.

Cold War History. The View from No. Bantam Books. A history of British Trade Unionism, c. Stroud, UK: Alan Sutton. A History of Modern Britain. Pan Books published Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Economics for Business: Competition, Macro-stability, and Globalisation. FT Press. Penguin Books published Margaret Thatcher: From Grantham to the Falklands.

Knopf Group. Margaret Thatcher: Everything She Wants. Margaret Thatcher: Herself Alone. Neville, Leigh The SAS — New Scientist.

Ogden, Chris Historical Dictionary of the Contemporary United Kingdom. Scottish Journal of Political Economy. Women's History Review. Archived from the original on 13 June Edinburgh University Press.

Understanding the Global Economy. Peace Education Books. Making Economic Sense. Ludwig von Mises Institute published De-Industrialization and Foreign Trade.

CUP Archive. British Contemporary History. Britain under Thatcher. Blair's Britain, — Senden, Linda Soft Law in European Community Law.

Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin. Battles of the Falklands War. Ian Allan. International Affairs. Atlantic Books. Thornton, Richard C.

Trafford published House of Lords: Archived from the original PDF on 29 May Developments in British Politics. Britishness since Twentieth Century British History.

Hong Kong: China's Challenge. Gorbachev: The Man and the System. Transaction published Margaret Thatcher at Wikipedia's sister projects. Offices and distinctions.

Margaret Thatcher. Thatcherism Conservatism Free market Opposition to trade unions. London Guildhall Palace of Westminster.

Book Category Honours ceremonial funeral. Articles related to Margaret Thatcher. Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom. Book Category.

Leaders of the Opposition of the United Kingdom. Conservative Party. Conservative Party Archive. Churchill Smith Balfour Law A. Law Baldwin N.

Chamberlain W. Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party. National Conservative Convention. Conservative Party Conference.

London Conservatives. Conservative Associations. Organisations associated with the Conservative Party. Conservatism portal. Outgoing Leader: Margaret Thatcher.

Conservative Party leadership election, Incumbent Leader: Margaret Thatcher. Margaret Thatcher Sir Anthony Meyer. Outgoing Leader: Edward Heath.

Education Secretaries of the United Kingdom. Department for Education. Thatcher Cabinet. Heath Cabinet. Northern Ireland portal.

Presidents of the European Council. Van Rompuy Tusk Michel. Fellows of the Royal Society elected in Cold War. Arms race Nuclear arms race Space Race.

Gar Alperovitz Thomas A. Cull Willem Drees Robert D. Matlock Jr. Thomas J. Painter William B. Pickett Ronald E. Powaski Yakov M. Rabkin Arthur M.

Schlesinger Jr. Category Commons Timeline List of conflicts. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikinews Wikiquote Wikisource. Sir Geoffrey Howe — The Viscount Whitelaw. Ministerial offices. Edward Short.

Patricia Hornsby-Smith. Parliamentary offices. This article is part of a series about Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher in late Part of the politics series on.

Member of Parliament for Finchley — Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Science — Secretary of State for Education and Science — Shadow Secretary of State for the Environment — Leader of the Opposition — Prime Minister of the United Kingdom — First Lord of the Treasury —

Perfekte P.M. Margaret Thatcher Stock-Fotos und -Bilder sowie aktuelle Margaret Thatcher returns to the Conservative conference a year after being deposed. Prime Minister David Cameron drives the two millionth MINI off the David Cameron revealed earlier that he hasn't driven a car in four and a half years. Margaret Thatcher left other prime ministers in the shade after her. Margaret Thatcher. This article is more than 7 years old. Queen made personal decision to attend Lady Thatcher's funeral. This article is more. Margret Thatcher Downing Street Years HC a world leader and the events and personalities that shaped her years as Britain's prime minister.

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The Thatcher Years 2 of 4 InThatcher also became the Tory spokesperson on Grand National Bookies environment and took a Spielautomaten Klassiker position with the Centre for Policy Studies, promoting monetarism, Milton Friedman's economic approach, as contrasted with the Keynesian economic philosophy. The Sunday Telegraph. Since the death of Margaret Thatcher inseveral government documents relating to her premiership have been Avengers Free Games and released by the National Archives. Backbench Conservative MPs and peers had already begun a Strategie Risiko against the "promotion" of homosexuality and, in Decemberthe controversial " Section 28 " was added as an amendment to what became the Local Government Act This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents.